How 10 Classic American Foods Were Invented

American food is delicious, but do you know how some of our country's most famous dishes originated? From peanut butter and jelly to fried chicken, here are the backstories behind 10 classic American dishes.


Up close view of s'mores treat with melted chocolate and marshmallows
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It took a while for all the ingredients of a s’more to come together. Original marshmallows were made from the althaea officinalis plant and were enjoyed by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Graham crackers were invented in the early 1800s by a Presbyterian minister in New Jersey trying to curb sex drive. Lastly, scientists estimate that cocoa beans were discovered by the Aztecs in 1400 BCE.

It wasn’t until 1927 that the s'more was finally born. The first mention of s’mores was in a Girl Scout guidebook entitled Tramping and Trailing With the Girl Scouts. They were originally called “some mores,” but eventually, the name got shortened to just s’mores.

Peanut Butter and Jelly

Up close view of peanut butter and jelly sandwich on brown bread
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The original recipe for the peanut butter and jelly sandwich first appeared in the Boston Cooking School Magazine of Culinary Science and Domestic Economics in 1901. At the time, the recipe wasn’t very popular and didn’t take off until World War II. Grapelade, a precursor to modern jelly, was already a wartime staple.

Spreading this with nutty peanut butter in a sandwich proved to be high-energy, tasty, and portable lunch option for American soldiers. When the soldiers returned home from war, they brought the peanut butter and jelly sandwich back with them.

Fried Chicken

Fried chicken pieces with dressing and seasonings on a ceramic dish
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The true origins of fried chicken are a bit murky, but the earliest accounts of frying chicken in lard or oil were recorded in the American South in the 1700s. No one's quite sure whether it was enslaved people from Africa or southerners of European descent that first created fried chicken. West Africans have a long history of frying food in hot oil, so history tends to lean towards fried chicken as a gift from African culture.


Overhead view of gumbo pot, showing red sauce, shrimp pieces, and vegetables
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A dish like gumbo could only have been created in a melting pot like America. Although the ingredients in gumbo can vary drastically, the original ingredients included:

  • Okra — a vegetable from West Africa.
  • Filé – dried and ground sassafras leaves used in Choctaw dishes.
  • Roux – a mixture of fat and flour often used in French cuisine.

Mix them all together and you get gumbo.


Detailed view of cheesesteak sandwich with sliced meat and roasted peppers
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Everyone knows that Philadelphia is famous for the Liberty Bell, Rocky Balboa, and, of course, Philly cheesesteaks. The first cheesesteak was invented in the 1930s. A hotdog vendor named Pat Olivieri bought some steak from a local butcher and decided to grill it up at his stand.

A cabbie smelled the delicious meat, pulled up, and asked for a steak sandwich. It was so good that he told his cabbie friends about it and soon the cheesesteak became the most popular sandwich in Philly.


Several large bowls of chili, showing meat and shredded cheese for garnish
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The exact history of chili is surrounded by mystery, but it’s certain that the beloved recipe was first invented in Texas. It’s believed that chili was born of necessity. People who couldn’t afford high-quality meat or didn’t have access to it (like the cowboys out on the range), would purchase lower-end cuts of meat, chop it up, and cook it in a sort of stew. To help with the flavor, they’d throw in about as many chili peppers as they had pieces of meat and added some kidney beans.

Grilled Cheese

Plate with several grilled cheese sandwiches stacked on top of each other
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Like chili, grilled cheese was a product of necessity. During the Great Depression, two ingredients were always available and inexpensive — bread and American cheese. The earliest records of a grilled cheese sandwich are of an open-faced sandwich from the 1920s called the “Cheese Dream.” If budget allowed, many families would put ham, bacon, or eggs in their Cheese Dreams as well.

Soft Drinks

Several glasses filled with ice and dark soda placed in a dining booth
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Throughout the 1800s, pharmacists were the only people who had the equipment and chemistry knowledge to make carbonated water. The first available soft drinks were typically used to hide the harsh flavor of medicine. For really bad-tasting medicine, pharmacists started throwing in extra flavoring. Eventually, folks just wanted the deliciously flavored soda.

The first cola-flavored beverage was served in 1881, Coca-Cola was invented in 1886, Pepsi-Cola was introduced in 1898, and by 1900, there were 2,763 soft drink manufacturing plants across America.


Person's hand holding case of Twinkies with logo and product details displayed
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In the 1930s, the Continental Baking Company in Illinois was popular for its miniature strawberry shortcakes. When strawberry season was over, they needed a new product to make up for the drop in revenue. They decided to continue making their mini shortcakes, but instead of strawberries, they filled them with banana cream.

When World War II started, bananas became increasingly hard to find in the United States, so the company decided to switch to a vanilla filling instead. Thus, the modern-day Twinkie was born.

Hot dogs

Several traditional hotdogs served in buns, covered in mustard
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Early hot dogs were called “dachshund sausages” and were first sold in America, without buns, by German immigrants in New York City in 1860. In 1880, a sausage vendor in St. Louis started giving away gloves with the purchase of a hotdog so his customers wouldn’t have to get their hands greasy. Eventually, he ran out of gloves and grabbed the next best thing he could think of to hold the meat — bread.

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